The urine test kits and urine collection kits Capitol Scientific offers are ideal for use in the microscopic examination of urine sediments. Urine sediments are produced from urine that has been centrifuged to concentrate the substances in it at the bottom of a centrifuge tube. The fluid at the top of the centrifuge tube is discarded and the drops of fluid remaining are examined under a microscope.
Cells, crystals and other substances within the centrifuged urine sample are counted and reported as either (a) the number observed per low power field (LPF) or per high power field (HPF). When present in the sample, some substances are estimated as "Many", "Moderate" or "Few" like bacteria, crystals and epithelial cells which include the following:
- Epithelial Cells
- Bacteria, Parasites and Yeast
- Red Blood Cells (RBCs)
- White Blood Cells (WBCs)